Your health, age, lifestyle and job will determine the vaccines you need and when to get them.
- Health: Some health conditions may make you more vulnerable to vaccine-preventable diseases. For example, babies born prematurely, or people who have a weakened immune system may benefit from additional or more frequent immunisations.
- Age: People need protection from different diseases at different ages.
- Lifestyle: Lifestyle choices can have an impact on your immunisation needs. You may benefit from immunisations if you are travelling overseas, planning a family, sexually active, a smoker or play sport that may expose you to someone’s blood.
- Occupation: Some jobs may expose you to a greater risk of contact with vaccine-preventable diseases or put you in contact with people who are more susceptible to vaccine-preventable diseases. This includes people working in aged care, childcare, healthcare or emergency service. Find out more about immunisation for work.
Free essential vaccines are offered through the National Immunisation Program (NIP) for eligible infants, children, adolescents and adults. View the NIP Schedule to find out more.
In addition to the vaccines provided free through the NIP, some state and territories offer additional free vaccination programs. Please refer to state and territory immunisation schedules for information about what immunisation programs they provide.
You may need other vaccines not provided through the NIP or state and territory immunisation programs. You can purchase additional vaccines privately when you need to. Talk to your doctor if you think you or someone in your care may need additional vaccines.