We’ve organised our health, ageing and sport information into health topics. Topics are listed alphabetically or you can use the search box to find what you need.
Find out about our ministers and our people, and the work we do to make Australia's health system one of the best in the world.
Chickenpox can be a serious disease in adults and babies. It is very contagious. Vaccination is the best protection against chickenpox.
Diphtheria is a contagious disease, spread by an infected person’s coughing, sneezing or open wounds. Symptoms include a sore throat and breathing problems. Diphtheria can affect people of all ages but can be prevented with vaccination. Treatment includes antibiotics and diphtheria anti-toxin.
Influenza (the flu) is a highly contagious disease, usually prevented by vaccination and treated by managing symptoms. Spread by body fluids from infected people, symptoms include a runny nose and sore throat. Flu can affect anyone but is especially serious for babies and older people.
Hepatitis A is a contagious disease, spread by contact with infected people, their fluids and waste. It affects the liver, with symptoms including abdominal pain and dark urine. Hepatitis A can affect people of all ages, but can be prevented with vaccination. Treatment focuses on managing symptoms.
Hepatitis B is a contagious disease, spread by body fluids from infected people. Hepatitis B affects the liver, with symptoms including abdominal pain and dark urine. It can affect people of all ages, but can be prevented with vaccination. Treatment focuses on managing symptoms.
Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b) is a contagious disease, caught by contact with fluids from an infected person. Symptoms include fever and a severe headache. Hib can affect people of all ages, but can be prevented with vaccination. Treatment includes antibiotics, usually in hospital.
HPV is a highly contagious virus, spread through sexual contact. Most people do not have any symptoms. HPV can affect anyone who is sexually active. Certain types of HPV can lead to cervical cancer or genital warts. Vaccination safely and effectively protects you against the types of HPV that most
Immunisation is a simple, safe and effective way of protecting people against harmful diseases before they come into contact with them. Immunisation not only protects individuals, but also others in the community, by reducing the spread of preventable diseases.
Measles is a highly contagious disease, spread by contact with infected people’s body fluids. Symptoms include a red rash and fever. Measles is prevented by vaccination. It can affect non-vaccinated people of all ages. Measles has no treatment – most people get better on their own.