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Vaccine-preventable conditions and diseases

Health professionals

Find information that will help you deliver your service to your patients

Chickenpox can be a serious disease in adults and babies. It is very contagious. Vaccination is the best protection against chickenpox.

Diphtheria is a contagious disease, spread by an infected person’s coughing, sneezing or open wounds. Symptoms include a sore throat and breathing problems. Diphtheria can affect people of all ages but can be prevented with vaccination. Treatment includes antibiotics and diphtheria anti-toxin.

Influenza (the flu) is a highly contagious disease, usually prevented by vaccination and treated by managing symptoms. Spread by body fluids from infected people, symptoms include a runny nose and sore throat. Flu can affect anyone but is especially serious for babies and older people.

Hepatitis A is a contagious disease, spread by contact with infected people, their fluids and waste. It affects the liver, with symptoms including abdominal pain and dark urine. Hepatitis A can affect people of all ages, but can be prevented with vaccination. Treatment focuses on managing symptoms.

Hepatitis B is a contagious disease, spread by body fluids from infected people. Hepatitis B affects the liver, with symptoms including abdominal pain and dark urine. It can affect people of all ages, but can be prevented with vaccination. Treatment focuses on managing symptoms.

Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b) is a contagious disease, caught by contact with fluids from an infected person. Symptoms include fever and a severe headache. Hib can affect people of all ages, but can be prevented with vaccination. Treatment includes antibiotics, usually in hospital.

HPV is a virus spread through sexual contact. It is very contagious. Vaccination prevents HPV infection.

Measles is a highly contagious disease, spread by contact with infected people’s body fluids. Symptoms include a red rash and fever. Measles is prevented by vaccination. It can affect non-vaccinated people of all ages. Measles has no treatment – most people get better on their own.

Meningococcal disease is contagious. It is transmitted through close and prolonged contact with mucus from an infected person. Symptoms include a rash and fever. Meningococcal can affect people of all ages, but can be prevented with vaccination. Meningococcal disease is treated with antibiotics.

Mumps is a highly contagious disease, spread through contact with an infected person. Symptoms including fever and swelling of the face. Mumps can affect people of all ages but can be prevented with vaccination. Mumps has no treatment – most people get better on their own.

Last updated: 
15 August 2018